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Brucellosis in ruminants and swine

Last Modified: Wed, 30 Sep 2020 10:25:27 IST
Disease name Brucellosis in ruminants and swine
Animal Health Law Category if applicable B, D, E
Species affected Bovine, Multiple(not specified), Ovine, Swine
Description Brucellosis in ruminants and swine is usually caused by Brucella abortus in cattle, by Brucella melitensis or Brucella ovis in sheep, by Brucella melitensis in goats and by Brucella suis in pigs. Infection with B. ovis in sheep is also known as ovine epididymitis. Brucellosis is widespread globally. Infection in animals causes disease of the reproductive tract, resulting in abortion in females and infertility in males. All of the above species except for B ovis can affect humans. Infection of humans can occur via contact with infected animals or their body fluids, or via consumption of unpasteurised dairy products from infected areas. Disease in humans can range from asymptomatic infection to chronic problems including arthritis, endocarditis and bone lesions.
Status in Ireland Absent - Ireland is free from all forms of brucellosis
Date of Last known case of disease in Ireland 2006 (Brucella abortus). The other forms of brucellosis have never been reported in Ireland.
DAFM Division Responsible ERAD Division (Brucella abortus, Brucella melitensis, and Brucella ovis)
Contact erad@agriculture.gov.ie
Legislation http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/eli/2016/si/130/made/en/
Link to relevant external website https://www.agriculture.gov.ie/animalhealthwelfare/diseasecontrol/bovinebrucellosis/
Notifiable in Ireland Yes
OIE Listed Yes
OIE Link http://www.oie.int/en/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2019/
Publications