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Infection with Brucella abortus, Brucella melitensis and Brucella suis

Last Modified: Tue, 29 Oct 2019 15:00:23 GMT
Disease name Infection with Brucella abortus, Brucella melitensis and Brucella suis
Animal Health Law Category if applicable B, D, E
Species affected Multiple(not specified), Ovine, Swine
Description Bovine brucellosis is usually caused by Brucella abortus, less frequently by B. melitensis, and occasionally by B. suis. Infection is widespread globally. Brucella melitensis (biovars 1, 2 or 3) is the main causative agent of caprine and ovine brucellosm Brucella melitensis is highly pathogenic for humans, causing Malta fever, one of the most serious zoonoses in the world. Brucellosis in pigs is caused by Brucella suis, a bacterial infection that, after an initial bacteraemia, causes chronic inflammatory lesions in the reproductive organs of both sexes, with occasional localisation and lesions in other tissues. The species Brucella suis consists of five biovars, but the infection in pigs is caused by B. suis biovars 1, 2 or 3.
Status in Ireland Brucella abortus - Absent - official OIE free status; Brucella melitensis - Absent - official OIE free status; Brucella suis - Absent
Date of Last known case of disease in Ireland Brucella abortus - 2006; Brucella melitensis - never reported; Brucella suis - never reported
DAFM Division Responsible Ruminant Animal Health/ERAD Division
Contact erad@agriculture.gov.ie
Legislation http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/eli/1991/si/114/made/en/print
Link to relevant external website https://www.agriculture.gov.ie/animalhealthwelfare/diseasecontrol/
Notifiable in Ireland Yes
OIE Listed Yes
OIE Link http://www.oie.int/en/animal-health-in-the-world/animal-diseases/Brucellosis/
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