Secondary Pathogens

These agents are considered secondary or opportunistic pathogens, they are incapable of transplacental infection unless the placenta is damage or the cow is immuno-compromised. They cause sporadic abortion; however, their presence in the tissues of an aborted foetus should not be considered as definitive evidence that they caused the abortion.


Table 2.4: Combined frequency of detection of selected abortion agents on routine foetal culture.
Coliforms 379
Streptococcus spp 83
Staph. spp 18
Bacillus spp 14
Pseudomonas spp 11
Yeasts and Fungi 10
Listeria spp 4
Histophilus somnus 1
Pasteurella multocida 1
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis 1