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Equine encephalomyelitis (including Western Equine Encephalomyelitis and Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis)

Last Modified: Fri, 18 Oct 2019 12:07:12 IST
Disease name Equine encephalomyelitis (including Western Equine Encephalomyelitis and Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis)
Animal Health Law Category if applicable E
Species affected Equidae
Description Western Equine Encephalomyelitis (WEE) and Eastern equine encephalomyelitis (EEE) are mosquito-borne viral diseases which affects equids( including horses and donkeys) and humans. Most cases have occurred in the Americas. Birds act as disease reservoirs for both diseases. Clinical signs include fever and neurological signs in horses. The disease causes flu-like symptoms, fever, and neurological signs in humans. Both of these forms of encephalomyelitis can be fatal in either species, with EEE tending to have a higher mortality rate.
Status in Ireland Absent
Date of Last known case of disease in Ireland Never reported
DAFM Division Responsible NDCC & Border Inspection Posts
Contact ndcc@agriculture.gov.ie
Legislation http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/eli/2016/si/130
Link to relevant external website
Notifiable in Ireland Yes
OIE Listed Yes
OIE Link http://www.oie.int/en/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2019/
Publications